If lifestyle changes are not enough, medicines may be required to treat coronary artery disease (CAD). Medicines can help do the following:
- Reduce the heart’s workload and relieve CAD symptoms
- Decrease the chance of having a heart attack
- Lower cholesterol and blood pressure
- Prevent blood clots
- Prevent or delay the need for a procedure or surgery
Medicines used to treat CAD include anticoagulants, also called blood thinners; aspirin and other anticlotting medicines; ACE inhibitors; beta blockers; calcium channel blockers; nitroglycerin; glycoprotein IIb-IIIa; statins; and fish oil and other supplements high in omega-3 fatty acids.
In some cases, surgery may be required.